Many traditions and practices of our society are based entirely on superstition, ignorance, lack of education and inequality. Indian caste-system, purdah system and other religious customs have played a prominent role in damaging the growth and progress of our country. We are highly influenced by Indian cinema specially Bollywood films. The characteristics of a perfect hero, villain, mother and heroine have defined the personalities of a common man, woman and youth. For many, cinema has been inspiring them to dream, fantasize and induce drama in their lives. Cinema reflects the society, its aspirations, hopes, problems and challenges.
On the hind sight, cinema has also done a lot to eradicate many of the social evils prevailing in India. It can be used as a tool or a device to address some of the deeply hidden issues in the society. Unquestionably, cinema has remained the most powerful tool for mass communication. Filmmakers like Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak, Uttpal Dutt or Bimal Roy, have had in the past, picked up some of the most relevant and bold subjects, realism and modern progressive approach were the main components of their films. Ray’s ‘Pather Pancheli’ talks about how with time one has to accept changes and move on. The story revolves around ‘Apu’ , who with his family, leaves his village but their ancestral house held them back, later the family lost their daughter in the midst of all the turmoil. A strong story, script, cinematography and music made this film a ‘bible’ for many aspiring or existing filmmakers. Filmmakers like Ray, have used many devices to send their message across their audiences more strongly and effectively. Intense characters, deep metaphors, use of symbolism and irony were placed perfectly in the story.
Ritwik Ghatak used sound as simile that helped in highlighting the emotion of the scenes very effectively. For example, he shows the dilemma of a girl when she had to make a choice between her lover and her family, here in the back ground one could hear the sound of the whistling of the pressure cooker, which showed that she was in a tight spot. There films demanded change, rebel and a need to overcome the social evils, in the most powerful stories and characters possible.
Another very influential filmmaker, Bimal Roy, the women in his films, the neo-realist approach, the humanism and progressive subtext of his movies and his impact on the Indian new wave and parallel cinema cannot be sidelined. His film Sujata, portrayed the innate essence of Indian Society onscreen. The film raised many questions about the Indian society, like criticising the caste-system, untouchability and indiscrimination.
Film studies course
Film studies is a very vast and fascinating field, students are introduced to the ever evolving nature of film, its impact and influence on the people can play a critical role. Cinema is a dynamic as well as cultural tool to represent the world in a more intense way. From studying and analyzing the most progressive films and how they were connected to the major political scenario during that time, like world war I and II, French revolution, Italian Neorealism etc. to understanding the role of the smallest part of a film i.e, a frame. Based on the inclination of the individual student it may launch students in their engagement with cinema and other visual narrative forms as critics or creators.
Based on students’ personal inclination towards the various domains and stages of filmmaking, like scriptwriting , Music Composition ,Costume Designing, ,Editing ,Production Designing, Director of Photography etc. Student will be able to demonstrate their skills, knowledge, awareness and creativity through their films. A student may also proceed to be a researcher and/or an academic in related fields.